Low Fees - Payment Plans        Difficult and Hardship Cases Welcomed       Free Phone Consultation. 410-484-4900 24/7.       Experience gained in thousands of cases since 1973.         There is no substitute for experience.

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Chapters 7 & 13 Foreclosure Help

 

Low Fees - Payment Plans
Difficult and Hardship cases Welcomed
Free Telephone Consultation
410 - 484 - 4900 24/7/365


Hardship and Difficult Cases Accepted
Low Fees - Payment Plans - Evening & Weekend Appointments
Free Telephone Consultation 410 - 484 - 4900 24/7
Excellence In Legal Service - Serving The Entire State Of Maryland

In the event that you believe that the interest on your debts is preventing you to realisitically pay your debts or if you beleive that the interest and last charges on your debts is preventing you from paying down your debts bankruptcy may be the only realistic option for you. Our office has gained experience in representing thousands of consumers and business since 1973 with low fees and payment plans. "There is no substitute for experience." As we are sensitive to the fact that your time is valuable we have evening and weekend appointments. At your initial appointment we will review your factual situation and explain your bankruptcy options, as well as your non bankruptcy options to you. In the event that another option may be more beneficial than bankruptcy we will also fully explain those options to you.

A Chapter 7 Bankruptcy case is the type of case in which the debtor dedicates all of the assets to a trustee. The trustee is charged with the responsibility of liquidating all of the non exempt assets for distribution to all of the creditors who file claims. A Chapter 7 case is very different from a chapter 13 case in which the debtor makes payments to the trustee.

Serving The Entire State Of Maryland since 1973. - Excellence In Legal Service

We have earned the trust of thousands of satisfied clients and have gained experience in thousands of successful chapter 7 and chapter 13 Bankruptcy cases since 1973. We will properly prepare all legal documents for you, promptly file them with the court, prepare your case for hearing, appear in court with you at your hearing and keep you fully informed throughtout your case. There is no substitute for trust and experience.

Client Comments

I was very impressed with your dedication to my case, answering all of my questions throughout the case, obtaining my discharge without delay and getting back the money taken in the wage attachment. If anyone needs to file bankruptcy you are the attorney they need to call. ~~K.B.

" Your representation was outstanding in recovering thousands of dollars I paid out in a debt consolidation scam, properly representing me in a bankruptcy and getting all my debts eliminated at a low fee and less than one half of what I paid to them. What was most important to me was your integrity and clear answers to my questions." ~~D.G.

" Thanks for taking over my chapter 13 case which enabled me to save my house. " ~~ W.S.

" Many thanks for a job well done in getting my tax debts and other claims eliminated and being available to answer all of my questions throughout my case." ~~B.W.

" I was suprised to learn how the debt settlment company I saw on television took advantage of me. Thank you for getting my money back from them, properly filing my bankruptcy and saving my house. I recommend your services. " ~~H.M.

" I appreciate your meeting with me on the weekends so I did not have to lose time from work."~~N.T.

Representing persons in debt to completely eliminate debts or to reorganize and reduce payments in order to save your home or car and obtain a fresh financal start.

Prompt, experienced and effective representation for all financial issues including, foreclosure repossession, student loans, wage attachments, federal and state tax matters. In addition to bankruptcy, we provide effective representation for special tax problems with the IRS, tax audits, tax liens, tax wage attachments, IRS installment plan arrangements, and IRS audits.

If you are currently in a Chapter 13, making payments to a mortgage company, a trustee, and learing that your your Chapter 13 plan can not be confirmed, and your Chapter 13 will not result in saving your home, upon the review of the facts in your case in many instances, we can provide options that will be less expensive and far more effective.

Our debt relief agency will fully prepare all bankruptcy documents with the court, go to court with you, and defend you against contested matters from the trustee, your creditors and their attorneys.

We work with you with a workable payment plan and a low fee we invite you to compare. Call, you will see for yourself.

Each case presents different opportunities and challenges.


Bruce Lamb, Esquire
University of Baltimore J.D.
Johns Hopkins University MLA
Loyola University B.S.

Bankuptcy terms that you should be aware of:

Alleged - Claimed, stated; asserted; or charged.

Allegation - Statement of the issues in a written document.

Alternative Dispute Resolution - Settling a dispute without a full or formal trial. Methods include arbirtration, mediation, conciliation, and settlement facilitation, among others.

Amend - Improve, change or correct a complaint or other pleading.

Unlawful Search - Examination or inspection of premises or persons in violation of certain types of immunity from unreasonable search and seizure under the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution without authority of the law.

Unsecured - In collection or bankruptcy proceedings, a debt or a claim is unsecured if there is no collateral, or to the extent the value of collateral is less than the amount of the debt.

Usury - Charging a higher interest rate or higher fees than the law allows.

Amicus Curiae - Friend of the court. Person not a party to a particular case who volunteers or is asked by the court to offer information on a point of law or some other aspect of the case to assist the court in deciding a matter before it.

Answer - Defendant's response to a plaintiff's allegations as stated in a civil complaint.

Appeal - Application to a higher court for review of an order of conviction or of a civil judgment against a individual.

Appeal Bond - Sum of money posted by a person appealing a judicial decision.

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Appearance - Formal proceeding by which a defendant submits to the jurisdiction of the court.

Trustor -Person who sets up a trust.

UCC - Uniform Commercial Code. The UCC governs sales of goods to or by a merchant.

Unenforceable Contract - A contract that violates the law, as one that violates the Statute of Frauds or exceeds the Statute of Limitations.

Unjust Enrichment - Unfair gain at the expense of another, as by mistake by which principles of justice and equity require the person to return or pay for the property or benefits received.

Unlawful Detainer - Unjustifiable retention of real estate without the consent of the owner; unlawful detainer may occur when a tenant refuses to leave premises after the right of occupancy has ended.

Appellant - Individual who takes an appeal from one court or jurisdiction to another, inexpensive bankruptcy, inexpensive bankruptcy attorney, inexpensive bankruptcy attorney,.

Appellate Court - Court having jurisdiction review a trial court's decision and to hear appeals.

Vacate - To set aside, as a judgment.

Verdict - The findings of a judge or jury at the end of the trial.

Appellee - Individual against whom an appeal is taken.

Arbitration - Form of alternative dispute resolution in which the parties bring their dispute to a neutral third individual and agree to accept his her decision.

True Copy - Exact copy of a written instrument. when that person intends to commit the crime and begins to do an act that constitutes a substantial part of the crime, but fails to complete or commit the crime.

Attorney at Law - A licensed attorney or advocate authorized by the courts to prepare, manage and try cases in court, to prepare legal documents, and otherwise to represent the interests of citizens.

Attorney-in-Fact - A private person not necessarily a attorney authorized by another to act in his her place, either for some particular purpose, as to do a specified act; or for the transaction of business in general, not of legal character.

Attorney-of Record - The attorney retained or assigned to represent a client, inexpensive bankruptcy, inexpensive bankruptcy attorney, inexpensive bankruptcy attorney,

Suspended Sentence - Postponed execution of sentence; sentence is imposed, and execution of sentence is suspended, postponed, or stayed for a period and on conditions set by the judge.

Suspension of driver's license - The driver's license and privilege to drive are temporarily withdrawn, but only during the period of such suspension.

Settlor - Person who sets up a trust.

Severance - Separation of offenses or defendants into different trials.

Temporary Relief - An order designed to protect one party's interest pending further action by the court.

Temporary Restraining Order - Judge's order forbidding certain actions until a full hearing can be held.

Testamentary Capacity - Legal ability to make a will.

Arraignment - Appearance of the defendant in criminal court in which he or she is advised of rights and enters a plea to the charges.

Arrest -Official taking of a person to answer criminal charges.

Arrest Warrant - Order by a judge for the law enforcement officer to arrest a person for allegedly committing a crime.

Assault - Threat to inflict injury with the apparent ability to do so. A

Transcript - Written, word for word record of what was said.

Transfer cases - Cases going from one jurisdiction to another,inexpensive bankruptcy attorneys,

Trial - Examination of any issue of law or fact before a court to determine the rights of the parties.

Sustain - A court decision upholding an objection or a motion.

Sworn Complaint - A sworn, witnessed complaint filed with the Clerk of the Court.

Redress - to remove the causes of a grievance to compensate, to set right; to remedy.

Referee - A person to whom the court refers a pending case to take testimony, hear the parties, and report back to the court.

Sequestration of Witnesses - Exclusion of all witnesses except plaintiff and defendant from the courtroom except for their time on the stand, and cautioning them not to discuss their testimony with other witnesses. Sequestration of witnesses prevents the witness from being influenced by the testimony of a prior witness.

Service - Delivery of a legal document, or of a requirement to appear in court, by an officially authorized person in accordance with the formal requirements of the applicable laws. Service is required, unless waived, for complaints, summonses, or subpoenas, to notify a person of a lawsuit or other legal action taken against him her.

Settlement - An agreement between parties disposing of a lawsuit.

Trial by Jury - Trial by a group of persons chosen from the citizens of a particular district sworn to try one or more questions of fact and determine them by their verdict.

Trial de Novo - Retrial in district court conducted as if no trial had occurred in the lower court.

Bail - Property posted to procure release of a defendant in a criminal proceeding by insuring his or her future appearance in court, and compelling him her to remain within the jurisdiction of the court. .

Attachment - Taking and holding of a person's property during proceedings to ensure satisfaction of a judgment not yet rendered.

At Issue - Ready for trial.

Attempt - A person attempts to commit a crime

Arbitration - Form of alternative dispute resolution in which the parties bring their dispute to a neutral third individual and agree to accept his her decision. In arbitration there is a hearing at which both parties have an opportunity to be heard.

Arraignment - Appearance of the person charged in criminal court in which that person is advised of rights and enters a plea to the charges.

Arrest -Official taking of a person in custody in order to answer criminal charges.

Arrest Warrant - Order by a judge for a police officer to arrest an individual for allegedly committing a crime.

Assault - Threat to inflict injury with the apparent ability to do so. +

Transcript - Written, word-for-word record of what was said in the record of a hearing or oral deposition.

Transfer cases - Cases going from one jurisdiction or court to another.

Trial - Examination of any issue of law or fact before the court to determine the rights of the parties.

Trial by Jury - Trial by a group of persons picked from the citizens of a particular district who try one or more questions of fact and determine them by their verdict.

Trial de Novo - Retrial in district court conducted as if no trial had occurred in the lower court.

True Bill - Finding by a grand jury that there is sufficient evidence to warrant a criminal charge against an individual.

True Bill - Finding by a grand jury of sufficient evidence to warrant a criminal charge that allows trial to proceed.

Attorney at Law - Licensed attorney authorized by the courts to prepare, manage and try cases in court, to prepare legal documents, and otherwise to represent the interests of citizens.

Suspended Sentence - Postponed execution of sentence; sentence is imposed, and execution of sentence is suspended, postponed, or stayed for a period and on conditions set by the judge.

Suspension of driver's license - Withdrawal of a driver's license and privilege to a vehicle drive are temporarily withdrawn, but only during the term of such suspension.

Sustain - To uphold an objection.

Sworn Complaint - A sworn, witnessed complaint filed with the Clerk of the Court.

Bench Warrant - Order to arrest a person because of his her failure to obey a court order.

Beneficiary - Someone named to receive property or benefits in a will or trust, insurance policy, or other such document.

Attorney-in-Fact - A private person authorized by another to act in his her place, either for some particular purpose, as to do a specified act; or for the transaction of business in general, not of legal character.

Attorney-of Record - attorney retained or assigned to represent a client, inexpensive bankruptcy, inexpensive bankruptcy attorney, inexpensive bankruptcy attorney,

Bequeath - To leave a gift to someone through a will.

Bequests - Gifts made through a will.

Summary Judgment - Decision on the basis of statements and evidence presented for the record without a trial, used when there is no dispute as to material facts of the case, and one individual is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.

Summons - Document signed by a deputy clerk ordering a person to appear before the court to respond to a complaint.

Support Trust - Trust that instructs the trustee to spend only as much income as needed for the beneficiary's support.

Suppress - Exclude evidence at the trial because it is improper or was improperly obtained.

Supra - Latin for above.

Surety - A person who signs a bond and guarantees to pay money if the defendant fails to appear in court.

Testator - Person who makes a will.

Testimony - Evidence given by a witness under oath. Testimony does not include evidence from documents and other physical evidence.

Third Individual - A party not actively involved in a legal proceeding, agreement, or transaction, but affected by it.

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Third-Individual Claim - Action by the defendant bringing a third individual into a lawsuit.

Bail Bond - Acceptance of responsibility for a defendant that insures that person's her appearance in court. In signing the form, the person posting the bond agrees to give up the bond if the defendant fails to appear in court as ordered.

Bailiff - Court attendant who keeps order in the courtroom and is responsible for a jury.

Venire - Writ summoning people to the court to act as jurors.

Venue - Place in which prosecution of a case is brought venue may be in the county of the defendant's residence or in the county in which the offense is alleged to have been committed.

Vested - Fixed; absolute, accrued; settled.

Bankruptcy - Body of statutes and judicial proceedings concerning persons or businesses who cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Debtors may be discharged or released from their debts completely or allowed to repay them in whole or in part on a manageable schedule. Federal bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings. The person with the debts is known as the debtor and the people or companies to whom the debtor owes money are known as creditors.

Bar The railing separating the general public from the space occupied by the judges, attorneys, and other participants in a trial. Also, the body of attorneys within a jurisdiction.

Bar Examination - A state examination taken by prospective attorneys, qualifying them to be licensed to practice law.

Testamentary Trust - A trust set up by a will, effective only upon the death of a testator.

Trust - Legal device used to manage real or personal property, established by one person called the grantor or settlor for the benefit of another called the beneficiary.

Trust Agreement or Declaration - The legal document that sets up a living trust.

Trustee - Person or institution that manages the property placed in trust.

Asylum State - State holding a fugitive from justice in another state

Time served - Period of time already served in jail on a particular charge or offense before conviction.

Title - Legal ownership of property, usually automobiles or real property.

Bench Trial - Trial in which a judge rather than the jury decides the facts as well as the law.

Appellate Court - Court having jurisdiction to hear appeals and review a lower court's decision.

Stay - Court order halting a judicial proceeding.

True Copy - Exact copy of a written instrument.

Trust - Legal device used to manage real or personal property, established by one person called the grantor or settlor for the benefit of another called the beneficiary.

Trust Agreement or Declaration - The legal document that sets up a living trust.

Trustee - Person or institution that manages property put in trust.

Tort - Injury or wrong committed on the person or property of another. A tort is an infringement on the rights of an individual not founded in a contract. One common tort action is a suit for personal and or property damages sustained in an automobile accident.

Warranty - A legal promise that certain facts are true.

Battery - A wrongful touching of a person. The threat to use force is an assault; actual use of force is a battery, and usually includes an assault.

Bench - Seat occupied by a judge; more broadly, the court or judicial branch itself.

Asylum State - State holding a fugitive from justice in another state.

Attachment - Taking and holding of a person's property during proceedings to ensure satisfaction of a judgment not yet rendered.

Appellee - Individual against whom an appeal is taken. Sometimes referred to as a respondent.

Surety Bond - Bond purchased at the expense of the estate to insure the executor's proper performance.

Rebuttal - Evidence that is offered by a individual after he has rested his case and after the opponent has rested in order to contradict and explain the opponent's evidence.

Rebuttal Witnesses - Witnesses introduced to explain, repel, counteract, or disprove facts given in evidence by the adverse individual.

Recall Order - Court order recalling a warrant or capias writ requiring an officer to take a named defendant into custody

Best Evidence Rule - Rule requiring parties to produce the original writing, recording, or photograph when attempting to prove the contents thereof. A duplicate is ordinarily admissible in place of an original unless there is a genuine question about the authenticity of the original or it unless it would be unfair under the circumstances of the case to admit the duplicate instead of the original. An original is not required if it is lost or destroyed, if it cannot be obtained through a subpoena, if it is in the possession of the opposing individual, or if the original is not closely related to the primary controlling issues in the case.

Statutory Law - Law enacted by the legislative branch of government, as distinguished from common or case law.

At Issue - Matters are at issue when a complaining individual has stated his her claim, the other side has answered with a denial, and the matter is ready to be tried.

Attempt - A person attempts to commit a crime when that person intended to commit a crime; and began to do an act that constituted a substantial part of the crime, but failed to complete or commit the crime.

Stipulation - Agreement by attorneys on both sides of a civil or criminal case about some aspect of the case; for example. to extend the time to answer, to adjourn the trial date, or to admit certain facts at the trial.

Strict Liability Statutes - Statutes criminalizing specific conduct without regard to the actor's intent. The sole question for a judge or jury in a strict-liability case is whether or not the defendant did the prohibited act.

Strike - Exclude evidence that has been improperly offered and will not be relied upon.

Beyond a Reasonable Doubt - Standard of proof in a criminal case requiring that the jury be satisfied to a moral certainty that every element of a crime has been proven by the prosecution. This standard of proof does not require that the state establish absolute certainty by eliminating all doubt, but it does require that the evidence be sufficiently conclusive that all reasonable doubts are removed from the mind or the ordinary person.

Survivorship - Joint tenancy, by which one owner becomes entitled to property because he or she has survived all other owners.

Best Evidence - The best form of evidence available.

Brief - written statement prepared by one side in a lawsuit to explain to the court its view of the facts of a case and the applicable law. Burden of Proof - In the law of evidence, the necessity or duty of affirmatively proving a fact or facts in dispute on an issue raised between the parties in a lawsuit. The responsibility of proving a point or points:

Stipulation - An agreement by attorneys on both sides of a civil or criminal case about some aspect of the case; e.g. to extend the time to answer, to adjourn the trial date, or to admit certain facts at the trial.

Summary Judgment - Decision on the basis of statements and evidence presented for the record without a trial. Summary judgment is used when there is no dispute as to the material facts of the case, and one party is entitled to judgment as a matter of different law.

Surety Bond - Bond to insure the executor's proper performance of a will.

Self-Incrimination privilege against - constitutional right of people to refuse to give testimony against themselves that could subject them to criminal prosecution.

Sequester - To separate. Sometimes juries are separated from outside influences during their deliberations.

Bind over - To hold a person for trial in jail, on bail, or on bond. If a judicial official conducting the preliminary hearing finds probable cause to believe the accused committed a crime, the official will bind over the accused, normally by setting bail for the accused's appearance at trial.

Standing - Legal right to bring a lawsuit.

Stare Decisis - Doctrine that courts will follow principles of law laid down in previous cases.

Subpoena Duces Tecum - Court order commanding a witness to bring certain documents or records to court.

Bond supersedeas - Bond posted with the Clerk of Court in an appeal, ensuring payment to the winner at the trial court level if the appeal is unsuccessful.

Bond surety - Certificate posted by a bonding company to the law enforcement agency to secure the appearance in court of a criminal defendant.

Booking - Process of photographing, fingerprinting and recording identifying data of the suspect after arrest. inexpensive bankruptcy attorneys,

Self-Proving Will - Will whose validity does not have to be testified to in court by the witnesses to it, since the witnesses executed an affidavit reflecting proper execution of the will prior to the maker's death.

Sentence Report - Document containing background material on a convicted person. It is prepared to guide the judge in the imposition of a sentence. Sometimes called a pre-sentence investigation.

Breach - Breaking or violating of a law, right, or duty, either by the commission or omission of an act.

Breach of Contract - Failure by one individual to meet the terms of a contract without lawful excuse. .

Record - All documents, evidence, and transcripts of oral proceedings in a case.

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Recusal - Voluntary action by a judge to remove himself or herself from presiding in a given case because of self-interest, bias, conflict, or prejudice. Also, the process by which a judge is disqualified from a case because a individual objects.

Redirect Examination - Opportunity to present rebuttal evidence after one's evidence has been subjected to cross-examination.

Show Cause Order - Court order requiring a person to appear and show why an action should not be taken.

Sidebar-- Conference between the judge and attorneys, usually in the courtroom, out of earshot of the jury and spectators.

Slander - False and defamatory spoken words tending to harm another's reputation, business or means of livelihood. Slander is spoken defamation, while libel is published.

Civil Action - Non-criminal cases in which one private individual, business, or government sues another person to protect, enforce, or redress private or civil rights.

Civil Contempt - Punishment whose purpose is to coerce the defendant to perform an act previously ordered by the court, which the defendant has not done, such as paying child support.

Reply - The response by a individual to charges raised in a pleading by the other individual.

Request for Production - A formal court process by which one individual requests that another produce certain documents or other tangible items.

Rescission - Cancellation of a contract.

Res Judicata - A thing or matter already decided by a court. A final judgment on the merits is conclusive as to the rights of the parties and is an absolute bar to a later action involving the same claim, demand, or cause of action. Res judicata bars relitigation of the same cause of action between the same parties where there is a prior judgment. By comparison, collateral estoppel bars relitigation of a particular issue or determinative fact. Compare Collateral Estoppel.

Respondent - The person against whom an appeal is taken.

Rest - A individual is said to rest or rest its case when it has presented all the evidence it intends to offer.

Sovereign Immunity - The doctrine that the government, state or federal, is immune to lawsuit unless it gives its consent, generally through legislation.

Special Damages - Damages that are the actual, but not necessary, consequence of a breach of contract or injury. In contract law, special damages must have been reasonably foreseeable and must flow directly and immediately from the breach, or they are not enforceable.

Specific Performance - A remedy by which a court orders a person who has breached an agreement to perform specifically what he or she has agreed to do. Specific performance is ordered when damages alone would be inadequate compensation.

Speedy Trial - A rule of law wherein the defendant must be brought to trial within eighty days.

Spendthrift Trust - A trust set up for the benefit of someone whom the grantor believes would be incapable of managing his her own financial affairs.

Calendar - List of cases scheduled for hearing in a court.

Calendaring - Assigning & scheduling of court appearances.

Capital Crime - A crime punishable by death, inexpensive bankruptcy, inexpensive bankruptcy attorney, inexpensive bankruptcy attorney,

Caption - The heading on a legal document listing the parties, the court, the case number, and related information.

Case Law - Law established by previous decisions of appellate courts.

Sentence - Punishment ordered by a court for a defendant convicted of a crime. A concurrent sentence means that two or more sentences would run at the same time. A consecutive sentence means that two or more sentences would run one after another, inexpensive bankruptcy, inexpensive bankruptcy attorney, inexpensive bankruptcy attorney,.

Cause - A lawsuit, litigation, or action. Any question, civil or criminal, litigated or contested before a court of justice.

Caveat - A warning; a note of caution.

Statement - Writing made and signed by a person; any mechanical, electrical, or other recording or a transcription thereof, which is a recital of an oral utterance; and stenographic or written statements or notes which are recitals of an oral statement.

Statute - Law passed by a legislative body declaring duties and rights, or commanding or prohibiting certain conduct.

Statute of Frauds - Law requiring that certain documents be in writing, such as leases for more than one year.

Statute of Limitations - Time within which a sthe state may bring charges in a criminal case, or plaintiff must begin a lawsuit in civil cases Different statutes of limitations at both the federal and state levels apply to different kinds of lawsuits or crimes. inexpensive bankruptcy attorneys, Challenge for Cause - Objection to the seating of a particular juror for a stated reason usually bias or prejudice for or against one of the parties in the lawsuit . The judge has the discretion to deny the challenge. Distinguished from peremptory challenge, which they individual can usually exercise as a matter of right.

Revoke - To cancel a legal document.

Robbery - Felonious taking of another's property and against the will by means of force.

Rules of Evidence - Standards governing whether evidence case is admissible.

Satisfaction of Judgment - Payment of all monies owed pursuant to a court judgment.

Seal - The Clerk of Court's guarantee of authenticity.

Search - Examination of a person's house or of his person or vehicle, with a view to discovery of contraband, illicit or stolen property, or some evidence of guilt to be used in the prosecution of a criminal action.

Search Warrant - A written order issued by the judge that directs a law enforcement officer to search a specific area for a specific piece of evidence.

Secured Debt - A debt secured by a right to repossess the property or goods used as collateral.

Self Defense - Legal justification for an otherwise criminal act because the act was necessary to protect a person or property from the threat or action of another.

Chambers - Judge's private office. A hearing in chambers is a hearing in the judge's office not in the presence of the jury and the public.

Change of Venue - Move of a lawsuit or criminal trial to another location for trial. Venue may be changed when a cases has received so much local publicity as to create a likelihood of bias in the jury pool.

Statutory Construction - Interpretation of the meaning and scope of the text of legislation.

Sua Sponte - Vvoluntary, on one's own behalf without prompting or suggestion.

Subject Matter Jurisdiction - Power of a court to hear the type of case that is before it. inexpensive bankruptcy, inexpensive bankruptcy attorney, inexpensive bankruptcy attorney,.

Subpoena - Order for a witness to appear and give testimony at a certain time and in a certain place.

Certified Copy - A copy of a document with a certificate attesting to its accuracy and completeness by the officer who has custody of the original.

Certiorari - Appellate court's agreement to hear an appeal. Such an agreement is frequently referred to as granting cert., and results in an some order to the lower court to convey the record of the case to the appellate court and to certify it as accurate and complete. Usually refers to a request for the Supreme Court to review a decision of the Court of Appeals.

Challenge - Term used in a jury trial for an attemp to exclude a potential juror. Charge to the Jury - Judge's instructions to the jury explaining the law as applied to the facts of the case on trial.

Multiple charges - More than one count or offense listed on the court file. inexpensive bankruptcy attorneys,

Charging Document - Citation, information, indictment or notice to appear, indicating that the named person committed a specific criminal offense or civil infraction. Chief Judge - Presiding judge in a court. Circumstantial Evidence - Evidence except eyewitness testimony or evidence from which an inference must be drawn. Examples that include documents, photographs, and physical evidence, such as fingerprints. Citation - Written notice to appear in court, usually to answer a violation of traffic law or other minor criminal laws.

Restitution - Either financial reimbursement to the victim or community service imposed by the court for a crime.

Civil Procedure - The set of rules and process by which a civil case is tried and appealed, including the preparations for trial, the rules of evidence and trial conduct, and the procedure for pursuing appeals.

Objection to dischargeability A trustee's or creditor's objection to the debtor's release from personal liability for certain dischargeable debts. Common reasons include allegations that the debt to be discharged was incurred by false pretenses or that debt arose because of the debtor's fraud while acting as a fiduciary. Objection to exemptions Stay - Court order temporarily halting a judicial proceeding.

Survivorship - Another name for joint tenancy, a form of title in which one owner becomes entitled to property because he or she has survived all other owners.

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The content of this site does not form an attorney client relationship and not decision should be made without retaining an attorney. © BRuce Lamb, 2012